The Transition movement


In response to the twin pressures of Peak Oil and Climate Change, some pioneering communities in the UK, Ireland and beyond are taking an integrated and inclusive approach to reduce their carbon footprint and increase their ability to withstand the fundamental shift that will accompany Peak Oil.

History

In 2005 the Irish town of Kinsale, West Cork completed the first draft of the Kinsale Energy Descent Action Plan (EDAP). This sets out how Kinsale, with a population of about 7,000 people, could make the transition from a high energy consumption town to a low energy one in response to the challenge of the impending peaking of world oil production.
This report, prepared by permaculture students from Kinsale Further Education College under the tutelage of Rob Hopkins, looks at how Kinsale could navigate this uncertain time by setting out a clear vision of a lower energy future, and then identifying a clear timetable for achieving it.

These efforts were one of the first attempts at this kind of project anywhere in the world. The report looks at most aspects of life in Kinsale, including food, energy, tourism, education and health. The report was also structured in such a way to enable other communities and towns to adopt a similar process and transition themselves towards a lower energy future.

Also in 2005, Rob Hopkins initiated Transition Town Totnes to address the twin challenge of Peak Oil and Climate Change and building on his work in Kinsale. Transition Town Totnes (TTT) is the UK's first "Transition Town" and draws on the collective genius of the local community to build resilience through a process of relocalising, where feasible, all aspects of life.
The thinking behind TTT is simply that a town using much less energy and resources than currently consumed could, if properly planned for and designed, be more resilient, more abundant and more pleasurable than the present.

Since then, the list of transition communities has been growing steadily. In 2007 Transition Mayfield joined as number 14 to be followed by a further 264 communities in England, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Australia, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand and USA. Close to home, there are thriving communities in Lewes, Forest Row, and Wadhurst

[source: Transition Initiatives Primer]